Seed germination performance is a major determinant of crop yield. Deterioration of seed quality with age is associated with accumulation of DNA damage .  In dry, aging rye seeds, DNA damages occur with loss of viability of embryos.  Dry seeds of Vicia faba accumulate DNA damage with time in storage, and undergo DNA repair upon germination.  In Arabidopsis , a DNA ligase is employed in repair of DNA single- and double-strand breaks during seed germination and this ligase is an important determinant of seed longevity.  In eukaryotes , the cellular repair response to DNA damage is orchestrated, in part, by the DNA damage checkpoint kinase ATM . ATM has a major role in controlling germination of aged seeds by integrating progression through germination with the repair response to DNA damages accumulated during the dry quiescent state. 
As we all know, your hormones play a crucial role in your ability to build muscle, burn fat, and generally live a healthy, happy life. Laxogenin encourages an optimal muscle-building environment by regulating cortisol levels in the body. Excessive cortisol levels are the archenemy of muscle growth. It’s incredibly catabolic and can significantly impair your ability to build muscle protein and it may even lead to atrophy -- muscle wasting! While you do need some cortisol to function properly, too much can severely hamper your efforts to build slabs of lean muscle.
Research: I am broadly interested in investigating novel strategies and refining existing restoration techniques that improve ecological sequestration of greenhouse gases in working landscapes and wild lands without significantly compromising on traditional restoration goals such as protecting biodiversity and safeguarding ecosystem services. I would like to develop strategies of minimal intervention and disturbance that reduce the use of heavy machinery, herbicides, and chemical inputs to control cost and that are feasible in highly restricted or rugged areas such as designated Wilderness. I hope to orient my research towards informing concrete policies and advocating for interagency and private-public coordinated action to protect the lands we depend on for our survival, quality of life, economy, and systems for these goals include grazed lands dominated by invasive annual grasses in California’s lower elevations and forest systems impacted by severe fire in the Sierra Nevada and California Coast ranges.