Bachelor of Public Health
If you are interested in a career in the healthcare industry and would like to help in reaching out to the community in general, then a Bachelor of public health degree may be perfect for you. A program in public health education provides students with knowledge of healthcare operations, business administration and human resource management. Public health is the study of community health as a whole.
Liver disease can occur through several mechanisms. A common form of liver disease is viral infection. Viral hepatitides such as Hepatitis B virus and Hepatitis C virus can be vertically transmitted during birth via contact with infected blood.   According to a 2012 NICE publication, "about 85% of hepatitis B infections in newborns become chronic".  In occult cases, Hepatitis B virus is present by HBV DNA , but testing for HBsAg is negative.  High consumption of alcohol can lead to several forms of liver disease including alcoholic hepatitis , alcoholic fatty liver disease , cirrhosis , and liver cancer .  In the earlier stages of alcoholic liver disease, fat builds up in the liver's cells due to increased creation of triglycerides and fatty acids and a decreased ability to break down fatty acids .  Progression of the disease can lead to liver inflammation from the excess fat in the liver . Scarring in the liver often occurs as the body attempts to heal and extensive scarring can lead to the development of cirrhosis in more advanced stages of the disease.  Approximately 3–10% of individuals with cirrhosis develop a form of liver cancer known as hepatocellular carcinoma . 
Evidence obtained from observational studies that male circumcision can decrease the risk of other STIs has been conflicting. Analysis of data regarding subjects enrolled in the randomized sub-Saharan African studies revealed lower rates of herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2) seroconversion (adjusted HR = ) and acquisition of high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes (adjusted RR = ) in circumcised men during the two-year follow-up postcircumcision.  The rate of HPV infection was also lower in circumcised men in many other countries (OR = )  (Level of Evidence 2). Circumcision was not found to be protective against gonorrhea or chlamydia.  No studies have examined the impact of routine neonatal circumcision on STIs other than HIV.